Root disease-caused losses in the commercial coniferous forests of the western United States by Richard S. Smith

Cover of: Root disease-caused losses in the commercial coniferous forests of the western United States | Richard S. Smith

Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Pest Management, Methods Application Group in Fort Collins, Colo .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Conifers -- United States -- Diseases and pests.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statement[compiled by Richard S. Smith, Jr.]
SeriesReport -- no. 84-5, Report (United States. Forest Pest Management. Methods Application Group) -- 84-5.
ContributionsUnited States. Forest Pest Management. Methods Application Group
The Physical Object
Pagination21 p. :
Number of Pages21
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22399414M

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Root disease-caused losses in the commercial coniferous forests of the western United States. Fort Collins, Colo.: U.S.

Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service. Root disease-caused losses in the commercial coniferous forests of the western United States / (Fort Collins, Colo.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Pest Management, Methods Application Group, ), by Richard S.

Smith and United States. Forest Pest Management. Root Diseases in Coniferous Forests of the Inland West: Potential Implications of Fuels Treatments Article (PDF Available) in USDA Forest Service - General Technical Report RMRS-GTR March evaluations of annosus root disease-caused losses on several eastside National Forests and has also examined the relationship between number of past selective harvest entries and disease severity (Schmitt and others ).

Surveys have been completed on the Fremont National Forest in southern Oregon and the Ochoco National Forest in central by: 9. These are laminated root rot, caused by the fungus Phellinus weirii; Armillaria root disease, caused by Armillaria ostoyae; and Annosus root disease, caused by Heterobasidion annosum.

The impacts of these fungi on forest stands are modelled in the Western Root Disease Model, Version Cited by: 7. Review of Literature on Climate Change and Forest Diseases of Western North America Average global temperature is projected to increase from 1 to 6 °C from to Increases across much of the United States may be even greater (Houghton and others ).

Increases in winter temperature and more frequent droughts areCited by: Root disease caused losses in the commercial coniferous forests of the western united states Stranded in paradise Gewerkschaften in deutschland von bis heute Playing with fire Alcohol and the mass media Neue medien Back to Top EXCEL 3 0 Page 2/2.

Annosus root disease, caused by Heterobasidion annosum(Fr.) Bref. (=Fomes annosus(Fr.) Karst.), occurs in temperate zones throughout the Northern Hemisphere, and is common on conifers in the western United States. Infected trees suffer root and butt decay, and root mor-tality, resulting in reduced vigor, wind-throw, predisposition to bark File Size: KB.

The Impact and Control of Major Southern Forest Diseases A. Dan Wilson, Theodor D. Leininger, William J. Otrosina, L. David Dwinell, and Nathan M. Schiff 1 AbstractÑA variety of forest health issues, concerns, and events have rapidly changed southern forests and.

Losses in commercial forests can be substantial in some regions, such as in western USA, where Smith () estimated that 18% of tree mortality was attributable to root diseases, with annual. The United States is dominated by a range of old mountains and plateaus—the Appalachians—that runs north and south on the east side of the North American continent and young ranges of lofty mountains—the Rockies, Cascades, and Sierra Nevada—that run north and.

Forest structure is the horizontal and vertical distribution of plant material, including ground vegetation and dead or fallen woody material, shrubs, and understory, midstory, and overstory trees (Bennett, ).Structure also concerns the age distribution of the trees in the forest. Introduction.

Removal of tree stumps and roots (stumping) is a silvicultural treatment to mitigate for Armillaria and Phellinus root diseases. These fungal root diseases have global distribution and are of particular interest in the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) and the U.S.

states of Oregon and Washington (Kile et al.,Hood et al.,Morrison et al., ).Cited by: 1. Ink disease of chestnuts worldwide. Ink disease, caused by Phytophthora species, is one of the most destructive diseases affecting Castanea sativa worldwide. In Europe, typical symptoms were first reported in Portugal in (Crandall et al.Crandall ) and since then it has become widespread across the continent with an increase in incidences during the last decades (Vannini Cited by: Controversy surrounds the operational use of root removal techniques because, although somewhat effective at reducing disease incidence in the regeneration stands (Morrison et al., ), it is very difficult and expensive to remove sufficient root material to eliminate disease-caused by: Full text of "Forest insect and disease conditions in the United States, " See other formats.

Pine pitch canker (PPC), caused by the pathogenic fungus Fusarium circinatum (Nirenberg and O’ Donnell), is a serious threat to pine forests globally. The recent introduction of the pathogen to Southern Europe and its spread in Mediterranean region is alarming considering the immense ecological and economic importance of pines in the region.

Pines in forests and nurseries can be infected Cited by: 1. Impact of Heterobasidion spp. root rot in conifer trees and assessment of stump treatment. With emphasis on Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris and Larix × eurolepis Abstract In the thesis four studies were conducted to understand the impact of Heterobasidion spp.

on Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris, and Larix × eurolepis in southern Sweden, and the efficacy of stump treatment against infection in. The disease presently occurs in widely scattered areas throughout the western, central, and southern United States. In the South, the primary hosts are loblolly, shortleaf, pond, and Virginia pine.

Herbaceous plants of the genus Comandra, commonly known as false toadflax or comandra, are also attacked. Department of Agriculture) United States Department of Agriculture Bulletin Strawberry root worm as an enemy of the green house rose Weigel, C.

(Charles Adolph) Doucette, Charles F. (Charles Felix), United States. Department of Agriculture. Full text of "Diseases of Pacific Coast Conifers" See other formats. Biology, Epidemiology, and Control of Heterobasidion Species Worldwide Biology, Epidemiology, and Control of Heterobasidion Species Worldwide Garbelotto, Matteo; Gonthier, Paolo Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato is a species complex comprising ï¬ ve species that are widely distributed in coniferous forests of the Northern Hemisphere and are each.

Fragmentation of continental United States forests. Ecosystems ; 5: ; 15 Harper GJ, Steininger MK, Tucker CJ, Juhn D, Hawkins F. Fifty years of deforestation and forest fragmentation in Madagascar. Environ Conserv ; Author: Wendy L.

Applequist, Josef A. Brinckmann, Anthony B. Cunningham, Robbie E. Hart, Michael Heinrich, D. Damage Id Complete. of Share & Embed. This means that these forests tend to return to a coniferous dominated state even after a fire (Hollingsworth et al. High fire frequency deciduous dominated forest A deciduous dominated forest, mainly consisting of aspen and birch trees in Interior Alaska, prefers and reinforces dry.

The present book has been written by including some content of print and non-print media. Now this book is especially for modified syllabus of B.T.C./ of Indian & Foreign Universities/ Training Institute & Education Colleges Recognized by National Council of Teacher Education, New Delhi. Introduction The context for broadleaves in the 21st Century.

European forests are the single largest natural ecosystem supporting biodiversity in Europe (UNECE-FAO, ).As the effects of climate change impact biodiversity and society, forests are likely to be increasingly important in providing ecosystem services (e.g.

landscape connectivity, soil and water conservation and habitats for Cited by: Sandra Korn Damages to and influences on the root system of urban trees, 36 Site conditions, 36 Human activity, 37 Construction sites, 39 Damage caused by the root system.

You can write a book review and share your experiences. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them., Free ebooks since Shah and Chaudhary () recorded 24 genera of plant parasitic nematodes from Eucalyptus plantations in Pakistan.

There are also some reports of Meloidogyne infestation in Eucalyptus from East Africa (Whitehead and Kariuki, ) and Latin America (Garces, ).However, Ibrahim and Kandeel () reported that Eucalyptus are resistant to M.

incognita, M. javanica and M. arenaria. Book of abstracts fifscis 1. SERBIA 2. 1 Publisher: UNIVERSITY OF BELGRADE FACULTY OF FORESTRY Student Association of the Faculty of Forestry FIFSCIS is organized in cooperation with: FORESTRY STUDENT´S RESEARCH CLUB; IFSA – Local Committee BELGRADE REFORESTA, Scientific‐professional society IFSA – INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY STUDENTS’.

Pines are major components of native forests and plantations in Europe, where they have both economic significance and an important ecological role. Diseases of pines are mainly caused by fungal and oomycete pathogens, and can significantly reduce the survival, vigor, and yield of both individual trees and entire stands or plantations.

Pine pitch canker (PPC), caused by Fusarium circinatum Author: Margarita Elvira-Recuenco, Santa Olga Cacciola, Antonio V. Sanz-Ros, Matteo Garbelotto, Jaime Aguayo.

_, o EPA//R/ United States Aoril Environmental Protection aprn^uu/ Agency A Summary of NHEERL Ecological Research on Global Climate Change Edited by Peter A.

Beedlow And David T. Tingey U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development Washington, DC Acutely aware of his international image, Haile Selassie also was active on the diplomatic front.

Ethiopia was a founding member of the United Nations (UN) and the Organization of African Unity (OAU). After the postwar relationship with Britain wound down, the emperor in asked the United States for military assistance and economic support.

Nematodes are aquatic organisms that depend on thin water films to live and move within existing pathways of soil pores of 25– μm diameter. Soil nematodes can be a tool for testing ecological hypotheses and understanding biological mechanisms in soil because of their central role in the soil food web and linkage to ecological processes.

Ecological succession is one of the most tested Cited by: Keywords: Ornamental grasses, Native plants--Care and maintenance, Melica, Festuca, Elymus, Drought-tolerant plants, Calamagrostis, Bromus I am looking for a native, drought-tolerant grass for a small garden plot in Seattle.

Can you suggest a grass that is feet tall and at most 2 feet wide. This disease, caused by Serratia marcesans, a phloem-limited bacterium, is transmitted by squash bugs, Anasa tristi. Symptoms of CYVD include general decline, yellowing, stunting, and collapse of individual vines and necrosis of older leaves attached to the main stem.

Losses can be variable, but the grower had % crop loss. The climate is changing and many Eastern European and Former Soviet Union countries are vulnerable to the consequences.

Many countries are facing warmer temperatures, a changing hydrology and more. Crop losses from pests can be significant and have been estimated at 20 to 30 billion dollars per year in the United States alone (James, ).

When considering the effects of 0, on crop plants or forests, it is important to realize that the pollutant does not occur alone, but rather in conjunction with other stresses that are modifying the. Like all other plants, trees are vulnerable to attack by a multitude of pests and pathogens.

Current control measures for many of these diseases are limited and relatively ineffective. Several methods, including the use of conventional synthetic agro-chemicals, are employed to reduce the impact of pests and diseases.

However, because of mounting concerns about adverse effects on the Author: Mojgan Rabiey, Luke E. Hailey, Shyamali R. Roy, Kristina Grenz, Mahira A. Al-Zadjali, Glyn A. Bar. 1 Shoreline And Other Naturally Open Habitats Mangrove Swamps. By definition, mangroves are trees rooted in substrates that are flooded by seawater, either constantly or periodically.

Mangroves belong to many different angiosperm families, some of which also include upland genera, but all the mangrove genera are tightly confined to their saline swamp habitat.Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), United States of America of Hohenheim, Inst.

of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences in the Tropics and Subtropics, Germany 2 University Global climate variability and shocks place growing pressure on the livelihoods, health, food production capabilities, and other aspects of the lives of the rural.Environmental Biology is a free and open textbook that enables students to develop a nuanced understanding of today’s most pressing environmental text helps students grasp the scientific foundation of environmental topics so they can better understand the world around them and .

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